BPL full form
Below Poverty Line
BPL FULL FORM IS Below Poverty Line. The government of India has set an economic benchmark, known as the Below Poverty Line (BPL), to identify the economically weaker people and households in urgent need of government aid.
This refers to a threshold income, and the people whose income is below this threshold are considered poor or below the poverty line. In order to help the BPL section, the government launches various schemes which include food, shelter, and clothes.
According to a committee headed by C Rangarajan (former Reserve Bank Governor), around 30% of the total population of India lived in poverty in 2011-12.
The Government uses various parameters to identify the below poverty line sections, which may vary from state to state and may be different for rural and urban areas. Furthermore, the different countries have different parameters and methods to define the poverty line.
In India, in 2011, the poverty line was defined by the Suresh Tendulkar Committee. It was defined on the basis of monthly expenditure on food, health, education, transport, and electricity. According to this committee, a person who spends Rs. 33.3 a day in urban areas and Rs. 27.2 a day in rural areas is living below the poverty line.
BPL (Below Poverty Line) Recognition and Understanding
Understanding BPL (Below Poverty Line) is the first step to receiving government benefits or subsidies. The Indian government has identified a certain population that falls below the poverty line and these people are eligible for various benefits, including food, education, and housing subsidies.
Many factors are taken into account when determining whether someone is BPL. Income levels, access to resources, and education are all necessary to determine whether the family is falling below the poverty line. When determining if someone is BPL, it is not necessarily about the amount of money that they make, but their expenses compared to what they earn.
People who are BPL are eligible for many government subsidies, including subsidized ration cards and access to public health care systems. There are different categories of BPL. If someone is in one category, they may not be in another category.
Causes of India’s Poverty
There are many reasons for India’s high poverty rates. One of the main reasons is that a large percentage of the population is rural. More than two-thirds of India’s population lives in rural areas, and these people tend to be poorer than those who live in urban areas.
Another reason for poverty is the lack of jobs. India has a large population, and not enough jobs are available to meet the demand. This leads to high levels of unemployment, which contributes to poverty.
Lack of education is also a major contributor to poverty. Many people in India do not have access to quality education, which makes it difficult for them to find good jobs.
Poverty is also rampant among certain groups in India. Many Dalits (members of the lowest level of the caste system) are very poor, as are many tribal groups. There is also widespread poverty among Muslims and other ethnic minorities.
Government Programs to reduce Poverty
The Indian government has set up several programs to help people escape from poverty. Some of these programs include:
Food for Work is a program that gives unemployed people work building roads or other infrastructure in exchange for food. This makes them less reliant on money to eat, and they can focus on finding better employment opportunities.
National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) ensures 100 days of employment per year to every household. This program has been successful in getting people out of poverty, and it is credited with reducing poverty by up to 50 percent.
The betting limit of BPL is
Education is one of the most important tools to escape poverty. The Indian government has been working to increase access to education for all, with some success. Still, there are many people who do not have access to quality education, which makes it difficult for them to escape poverty.
Educational Quotas for Backward Classes and Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST)
There are quotas in place that restrict higher education opportunities for certain groups. These quotas make it more difficult for people from these groups to attend colleges and universities. This contributes to poverty, as people from these groups are less likely to be able to find good jobs.
The government has been trying to remove these quotas, but there is strong resistance from those who benefit from them.
The betting limit for the BPL is Rs. 27,000, and qualifying as a beneficiary under the BPL list entails an income level of Rs. 27,000 per year in some states while others have their own criteria.