CBI full form
The central bureau of Investigation
CBI full form IS Central Bureau of Investigation. As with Police, CBI is the only agency in India that investigates and prosecutes all types of cases irrespective of where they have taken place. The agency investigates cases involving public servants and private corporate entities.
It is responsible for investigating, determining the culpability of culpable officers involved in corruption, massive bribes as well as recovering money to which the Government has been a party through frauds committed on behalf of various departments/agencies by civil servants.
As an independent statutory body, CBI wields supreme powers in relation to its own set-up while not being answerable directly or indirectly to higher authorities; it answers only to Parliamentarians and high courts where any appeal could be taken against certain orders passed by either Supreme Court.
How does the CBI work?
The CBI is headed by the Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation who is appointed for a period of up to 3 years. There are about ten Deputy Commissioners (DC), one Additional Commissioner rank officer, more than 700 Assistant Shocks in various branches and divisions across India. The entire workforce works under five directorates namely:
The agency investigates cases involving public servants and private corporate entities based on the evidence available which can be gathered through information sharing with law enforcement agencies abroad as per Foreigner Act or when applicable laws prescribe that investigation must start within 24 hours after receiving the request from an authority based in any foreign country.
CBI is India’s premier investigating agency.
The Indian government has initiated several steps to modernize and strengthen its investigative agency, including reforms in the exercise of power by CBI.
CBI has reformed, revamped, and deregulated its vast network for efficiency resulting in confidential information on “the invisible hand” to be naturally distributed among a large number of officers who are not supervised directly from any center unlike the widely followed systems like FBI or MI6 where every minute detail is mentored by half dozen people located centrally near Director level.
Its ably run Referral system without face-to-face interaction between agencies has resulted in intelligence gathering becoming more efficient rather than a hostage to tradition since 1400 years old Karmic law dictates that investigation should stay with the agency where the investigation is initiated.
The first 3-stage reforms introduced by CBI in April 1997 to ensure greater efficiency and transparency have been endorsed by United Nations HCLT (High Commissioner for Human Rights) who visited India at that time. The second stage of the constitutional amendment approving them was implemented on 29 July 2008.
CBI is answerable to the Supreme Court of India.
On transfer, the change of residence or remuneration to public servants is subject to approval by Union Government.
CBI can be directed by Supreme Court and High Courts while they are dealing with matters on complaints against them in the public interest. In such cases CBI Director shall arrange for investigation as per law although he cannot interfere in judicial or quasi-judicial proceedings (whether under any special Act/law that empower CBIs; whether civil or criminal).
Any direction is executed by giving an undertaking before a competent court stating compliance within 30 days from receipt of order duly endorsed from Sessions Judge concerned otherwise bribes will be recoverable with the procedure laid down under Prevention of Corruption Act 1988. Such orders may be challenged through due process before a high court within 60 days or in no case later than 180 days and a final hearing is held on merits.
CBI is one of the finest investigating agencies in the world. It is one of the best bodies to work for.