SAT full form
Scholastic Assessment Test
SAT full form is Scholastic Assessment Test. The SAT is a standardized test for college admissions in the United States. It was first introduced in 1926, and its name and scoring have changed several times since then. The current SAT, introduced in 2005, consists of three main sections: Critical Reading, Mathematics, and Writing.
The Writing section was added in 2005; the 25-minute (10 minutes optional) essay is now an integral part of the exam. The total time for the redesigned test is about 3 hours and 45 minutes, excluding a 15-minute break after the third section and a longer break after Section 4.
The SAT is typically taken by high school juniors and seniors. The College Board states that the SAT measures literacy and writing skills that are needed for academic success in college.
They state that the SAT assesses how well the test takers analyze and solve problems — skills they learned in school that they will need in college. However, critics of the SAT argue that other tests, such as the ACT, are better measures of college preparedness. The College Board states that the SAT is closely patterned on the ACT.
The College Board also states that use of the SAT in combination with high school grade point average (the weighting of these two factors differs among institutions) serves to predict success at selective colleges and universities.
However, one study indicated that high school grades predicted only 4% of the variance in freshman GPA for students at 28 institutions surveyed.
Critics note substantial differences in funding, curricula, grading, and difficulty among U.S. secondary schools due to the variability of state testing regimes; this makes it difficult or impossible to compare students’ scores across different areas or from different institutions.